Algo Trading Tutorial - KDJ Indicator
Algo trading is not as difficult as you think. In this tutorial, there are four simple steps to lead you to how to code your own algorithmic trading strategy with KDJ indicator. All the coding is using pine script and based on the Tradingview platform.
The article will first display the full version of the KDJ indicator strategy content at each step and will separate it into steps to explain.
The black part is a default code part, and the yellow part can be changed according to personal needs!
Next, the article will introduce the meaning of each step.
// KDJ Indicators
//@version = 4
strategy("Yaonology KDJ Indicators Tutorial", overlay=false, default_qty_type = strategy.percent_of_equity, default_qty_value = 100, currency = currency.USD, initial_capital = 10000, commission_type =
strategy.commission.percent, commission_value = 0)
prd = input(9, title="period")
sgnl = input(3, title="signal")
v(s,l,m) =>
v = 0.0
v := (m*s+(l-m)*nz(v[1]))/l
c = close
h = highest(high, prd)
l = lowest(low,prd)
RSV = 100*((c-l)/(h-l)
K = v(RSV, sgnl, 1)
D = v(K, sgnl, 1)
J = 3 * K-2 * D
plot(K, color = color.green)
plot(D, color = color.red)
plot(J, color = color.black)
if (K < 20 and D < 20 and J < 20 and K > D and K[1] < D[1]) or (J > 0 and J[1] < 0)
strategy.entry(id = "kd", long = true)
if (K > 80 and D > 80 and J > 80 and K < D and K[1] > D[1]) or (J < 100 and J[1] > 100)
strategy.close(id = "kd")
Four Steps Tutorial
Step One: Strategy Setting
strategy(“Yaonology KDJ Indicators Tutorial“, overlay=false, default_qty_type = strategy.percent_of_equity, default_qty_value = 100, currency = currency.USD, initial_capital = 10000, commission_type = strategy.commission.percent, commission_value = 0)
strategy: Name of strategy (Yaonology sets the name as Yaonology KDJ Indicators Tutorial)
overlay: No – False
default_qty_type : Type of quantity – percent of equity
default_qty_value : Value of quantity – 100
currency: USD
initial_capital: Initial trading price – 10000
commission_type: Type of commission – percent
commission_value: Value of commission ( there is no commission, so we set 0)
Step Two: Input
prd = input(9, title=”period”)
sgnl = input(3, title=”signal”)
In general, the period will be 9 (days) and signal will be 3 (as the picture below)
Formula Setting:
v(s,l,m) => This section is to build functions to calculates K and J values
v = 0.0 => Indicates that the value of V is 0
v := (m*s+(l-m)*nz(v[1]))/l => This formula is for calculating K and D values
(: = Indicates forced writing, v [1] indicates the previous day’s value of V value, and nz indicates that v is replaced by 0 when there is no previous day value)
c = close – Closing price
h = highest(high, prd) – The highest price in this period
l = lowest(low,prd) – The lowest price in this period
RSV = 100*((c-l)/(h-l)) – Formula to calculate RSV
K = v(RSV, sgnl, 1) – Formula to calculate K
Ex: //v = (1*RSV + (3 – 1)*v[1])/3
= ⅓*RSV + ⅔*v[1]
D = v(K, sgnl, 1) – Formula to calculate D
J = 3 * K-2 * D – Formula to calculate J
Step Three: Plot
plot(K, color = color.green) – Yaonology sets K curve as green
plot(D, color = color.red) – Yaonology sets K curve as red
plot(J, color = color.black) – Yaonology sets K curve as black
Step Four: Strategy.entry & Strategy.close
- Method 1
if (K < 20 and D < 20 and J < 20 and K > D and K[1] < D[1])
strategy.entry(id = “kd“, long = true)
=> [1] means one day before
If this condition applies, this is the point to consider to buy it.
Strategy.entry: The command to enter market position
id: The order name. Yaonology sets as kd
long: This means long position, and here is true
if (K > 80 and D > 80 and J > 80 and K < D and K[1] > D[1])
strategy.close(id = “kd“)
=> If this condition applies, this is the point to consider to sell it.
strategy.close: The command to close the market
The id should set the same one as the entry one since it is the same order
- Method 2 (The result will be more reliable with J)
*Because the number of samples is insufficient, the reference is not accurate enough. Combining J value can obtain enough samples and calculate a more accurate result. Besides, the reference value exceeds 30 would be more reliable. As shown in the red box below (The first picture is the result without J and the second picture is the result with J)
if (K < 20 and D < 20 and J < 20 and K > D and K[1] < D[1]) or (J > 0 and J[1] < 0)
strategy.entry(id = “kd“, long = true)
=> If this condition applies, this is the point to consider to buy it.
if (K > 80 and D > 80 and J > 80 and K < D and K[1] > D[1]) or (J < 100 and J[1] > 100)
strategy.close(id = “kd“)
=> If this condition applies, this is the point to consider to sell it.
Complete Version
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